- What is a simple definition of vitamins?
- Which is the smallest protein?
- What are the 13 vitamins your body needs?
- Which is the simplest carbohydrate?
- What are the 2 types of vitamins?
- Which one is not a carbohydrate?
- What is the simplest form of fats?
- What is the simplest form of proteins?
- What are vitamins in English?
- What are the main carbohydrates?
- Which is the simplest sugar?
- What is the most common fat in the body?
- What is the simplest form of food?
- Where are proteins first digested?
- What are the 4 types of protein?
- What are rich in vitamins?
- What is the most important vitamin?
- What is the simplest monosaccharide?
What is a simple definition of vitamins?
Vitamins are substances that our bodies need to develop and function normally.
They include vitamins A, C, D, E, and K, choline, and the B vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and folate/folic acid)..
Which is the smallest protein?
The smallest human protein is 44 amino acids but it could be an abortive translation from the 5′ UTR of another mRNA. The smallest functional polypeptide is glutathione with only three amino acids.
What are the 13 vitamins your body needs?
Vitamins and minerals are two of the main types of nutrients that your body needs to survive and stay healthy. Vitamins help your body grow and work the way it should. There are 13 vitamins—vitamins A, C, D, E, K, and the B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, B6, B12, and folate).
Which is the simplest carbohydrate?
MonosaccharidesMonosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates in that they cannot be hydrolyzed to smaller carbohydrates. They are aldehydes or ketones with two or more hydroxyl groups.
What are the 2 types of vitamins?
Vitamins are grouped into two categories:Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the body’s fatty tissue. The four fat-soluble vitamins are vitamins A, D, E, and K. These vitamins are absorbed more easily by the body in the presence of dietary fat.There are nine water-soluble vitamins. They are not stored in the body.
Which one is not a carbohydrate?
Here Glucose, Maltose, and Fructose are carbohydrate. Glycine is not a carbohydrate.
What is the simplest form of fats?
The simplest form of lipid is the fatty acid, which is a chain of carbons surrounded by hydrogen. One end contains a carboxyl group and is called the “alpha end”. The other end contains a methyl group and is the “omega end”.
What is the simplest form of proteins?
amino acidThe simpler forms of proteins are peptides and the simplest form is amino acid.
What are vitamins in English?
A vitamin is a chemical compound that is needed in small amounts for the human body to work correctly. They include Vitamin A, many B vitamins (like B1, B2, B3, B6, and B12), Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, and Vitamin K. For example, citrus fruits such as oranges and lemons contain vitamin C.
What are the main carbohydrates?
There are three main types of carbohydrates:Sugars. They are also called simple carbohydrates because they are in the most basic form. … Starches. They are complex carbohydrates, which are made of lots of simple sugars strung together. … Fiber. It is also a complex carbohydrate.
Which is the simplest sugar?
monosaccharidesThe simplest sugars are monosaccharides. Six-carbon monosaccharides are prevalent but monosaccharides can have from 3 to 7 carbons in their structures (3 carbons, triose; 4 carbons, tetrose; 5 carbons, pentose, 6 carbons, hexose and 7 carbons, heptose).
What is the most common fat in the body?
Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood. They are the most common type of fat in the body. Triglycerides are necessary for health but in excess amounts, they may be harmful and may increase the risk of heart disease.
What is the simplest form of food?
The simplest form of food formed during photosynthesis os gulucose. made up of three elements carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. they use glucose to make other food such as starch,oils, proteins and vitamins.
Where are proteins first digested?
Mechanical digestion of protein begins in the mouth and continues in the stomach and small intestine. Chemical digestion of protein begins in the stomach and ends in the small intestine. The body recycles amino acids to make more proteins.
What are the 4 types of protein?
The four levels of protein structure are primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary. It is helpful to understand the nature and function of each level of protein structure in order to fully understand how a protein works. By Tracy Kovach.
What are rich in vitamins?
Path to improved healthNutrientFood sourcesVitamin AEggs, milk, carrots, sweet potatoes, and cantaloupeVitamin COranges, strawberries, tomatoes, kiwi, broccoli, and red and green bell peppersVitamin EAvocados, nuts, seeds, whole-grain foods, and spinach and other dark leafy greens4 more rows•Nov 6, 2019
What is the most important vitamin?
Vitamin B-12 – This is one of the most important essential vitamins. It is a co-enzyme that is vital in the conversion of food to be used as energy.
What is the simplest monosaccharide?
Monosaccharides are the simplest form of carbohydrates. … Examples of monosaccharides include glucose (dextrose), fructose, galactose, and ribose. Monosaccharides are the building blocks of disaccharides like sucrose (common sugar) and polysaccharides (such as cellulose and starch).